When the strategies for cellular selectivity fail. Challenges and surprises in the design and application of fluorescent benzothiadiazole derivatives for mitochondrial staining

Neto, Brenno D, Carvalho, Pedro H P R, Correa, Jose R, Paiva, Karen, Baril, Michele, Machado, Daniel, Scholten, Jackson D, de Souza, Paulo Eduardo Narcizo, Veiga-Souza, Fabiane and Spencer, John (2019) When the strategies for cellular selectivity fail. Challenges and surprises in the design and application of fluorescent benzothiadiazole derivatives for mitochondrial staining. Organic Chemistry Frontiers. ISSN 2052-4129

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Abstract

This work describes a series of fluorescent 2,1,3-benzothiadiazole derivatives (neutral, singly-charged and doubly-charged) to act as bioprobes for mitochondria. The results showed the flaws in the molecular architecture of this class of fluorophores and our attempts to direct the synthesized derivatives to the organelle. Unexpected results also showed a need for new strategies to predict the cellular selectivity of these derivatives. One of the singly-charged derivatives could stain mitochondria selectively whereas the doubly-charged stained the plasma membrane in an unexpected but highly selective manner. Co-staining experiments confirmed the cellular localization of the new derivatives. EPR experiments demonstrated the fluorescent marker that is selective for mitochondria does not interfere in the ROS production of the cells.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Depositing User: John Spencer
Date Deposited: 13 May 2019 15:23
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2019 13:46
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/83670

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