Experimental investigation of the particle oscillation instability in a single-axis acoustic levitator

Andrade, Marco A B, Polychronopoulos, Spyros, Memoli, Gianluca and Marzo, Asier (2019) Experimental investigation of the particle oscillation instability in a single-axis acoustic levitator. AIP Advances, 9 (3). 035020 1-6. ISSN 2158-3226

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Single-axis acoustic levitators are employed in biomedicine, chemistry and physics experiments due to their ability to trap in mid-air objects of a wide range of materials and sizes. Although this type of levitator has been studied for decades, there are effects that are not well understood. One of these effects is the particle oscillation instability, in which the levitating particle starts to oscillate with increasing amplitude until it is ejected out of the levitator. Most of the operations performed with acoustic levitation require high accuracy regarding the positioning of the particle, thus a lack of stability severely hinders the experiments. In this paper, we present an experimental setup that consists of a single-axis levitator, a mechanized stage to control the separation between the emitter and the reflector, a scale to measure the radiation force and a high-speed camera. We experimentally investigate the effect of the distance between the emitter and the reflector on the apparatus resonant frequency and on levitation stability. In accordance with previous theoretical studies, three types of levitation behavior were experimentally identified: stable levitation, oscillation of constant amplitude and unstable oscillation. We also show that the type of levitation behavior can be controlled by changing the distance between the emitter and the reflector.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Informatics
Research Centres and Groups: Creative Technology
Depositing User: Lucy Arnold
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2019 11:46
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2019 16:45
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/83113

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
UnsetUnsetEuropean Union’s Horizon 2020737087
G2448AURORA: controlling sound like we do with lightEPSRCEP/S001832/1