Intentional binding as Bayesian cue combination: testing predictions with trait individual differences

Lush, Peter, Roseboom, Warrick, Cleeremans, Axel, Scott, Ryan B, Seth, Anil K and Dienes, Zoltan (2019) Intentional binding as Bayesian cue combination: testing predictions with trait individual differences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. ISSN 0096-1523

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Abstract

We investigated differences in intentional binding in high and low hypnotisable groups to explore two questions relating to (i) trait differences in the availability of motor intentions to metacognitive processes and (ii) a proposed cue combination model of binding. An experience of involuntariness is central to hypnotic responding, and may arise from strategically being unaware of one’s intentions. Trait differences in the ability to respond to hypnotic suggestion may reflect differing levels of access to motor intentions. Intentional binding refers to the subjective compression of the time between an action and its outcome, indicated by a forward shift in the judged time of an action toward its outcome (action binding) and the backward shift of an outcome toward a causal action (outcome binding). Intentional binding is sensitive to intentional action without requiring explicit reflection upon agency. One way of explaining the sensitivity of intentional binding is to see it as a simple case of multisensory cue combination in which awareness of intentions increases knowledge of the timing of actions. Here we present results consistent with such a mechanism. In a contingent presentation of action and outcome events, low hypnotisables had more precise timing judgements of actions and also showed weaker action binding than highs. These results support the theory that trait hypnotisability is related to access to information related to motor intentions, and that intentional binding reflects the Bayesian combination of cross-modal cues.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Informatics
School of Psychology > Psychology
Research Centres and Groups: Sackler Centre for Consciousness Science
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF0311 Consciousness. Cognition
Depositing User: Marianne Cole
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2019 09:06
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2019 14:45
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/82822

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