Neural reorganization and compensation in aging

Morcom, Alexa M and Johnson, Wendy (2015) Neural reorganization and compensation in aging. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27 (7). pp. 1275-1285. ISSN 0898-929X

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Abstract

According to prominent theories of aging, the brain may reorganize in order to compensate for neural deterioration, and prevent or offset cognitive decline. A frequent and striking finding in functional imaging studies is that older adults recruit additional regions relative to young adults performing the same task. This is often interpreted as evidence for functional reorganization, suggesting that as people age, different regions or networks may support the same cognitive functions. Associations between additional recruitment and better performance in older adults have led to the suggestion that the additional recruitment may contribute to preserved cognitive function in old age, and may explain some of the variation among individuals in preservation of function. However, many alternative explanations are possible, and recent findings and methodological developments have highlighted the need for more systematic approaches to determine whether reorganization occurs with age and whether it benefits performance. We re-evaluate current evidence for compensatory functional reorganization in the light of recent moves to address these challenges.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Sanjeedah Choudhury
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2019 12:34
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2019 17:45
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/82810

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