Trait self-control and beliefs about the utility of emotions for initiatory and inhibitory self-control

Tornquist, Michelle and Miles, Eleanor (2019) Trait self-control and beliefs about the utility of emotions for initiatory and inhibitory self-control. European Journal of Social Psychology. ISSN 0046-2772

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Abstract

How do people with high trait self-control achieve their success? This research aimed to provide evidence for beliefs about emotion utility as a potential mechanism. Specifically, because beliefs about the utility of emotions predict emotion regulation and successful performance, we investigate the hypothesis that trait self-control influences beliefs about the utility of emotions for self-control. Two preregistered studies examined whether beliefs about the utility of emotions in everyday self-control situations varied depending on the person (trait self-control) and the situation (initiatory or inhibitory self-control). Our key finding was that people considered positive emotions more useful for self-control than negative emotions. This effect was also moderated by situational and individual factors, such that positive emotions were considered especially useful by participants with high trait self-control and in situations requiring initiatory self-control (with the opposite effect for negative emotions). This research suggests a potential role for instrumental emotion regulation in self-control success.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Self-control; trait self-control; emotion; emotion regulation; initiatory self-control; inhibitory self-control
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Sanjeedah Choudhury
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2019 11:56
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2019 11:56
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/82655

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