Racism in Foucauldian security studies: biopolitics, liberal war, and the whitewashing of colonial and racial violence

Howell, Alison and Richter-Montpetit, Melanie (2018) Racism in Foucauldian security studies: biopolitics, liberal war, and the whitewashing of colonial and racial violence. International Political Sociology. pp. 1-18. ISSN 1749-5687

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Abstract

This article argues that while Foucauldian security studies (FSS) scholarship on the biopolitics of security and liberal war has not ignored racism, these works largely replicate Foucault's whitewashing of the raciality and coloniality of modern power and violence. Drawing on Black, indigenous, postcolonial and decolonial studies, we show how Foucault's genealogy of biopower rests on an unspecified concept of the “human,” failing to account for how notions of “human” were constituted through the savage and slave other, how enslaved people were rendered into things, and how punitive, sovereign violence persists as a (settler) colonial technique of gratuitous, not merely instrumental, violence. FSS exacerbates these problems. This article challenges two core FSS propositions on liberal war: 1. that “human life cannot ever be secured,” which replicates Foucault's Eurocentric reliance on an unspecified “human” as the object of biopolitics; 2. that “everyone is (potentially) dangerous” and thus open to the punitive/lethal dimensions of liberal power, which reduces racism to a sorting process after the establishment of biopolitics and liberal war, rather than a precondition of it. This “methodological Whiteness” (Bhambra 2017a) results in major oversights in FSS empirical genealogies of: state violence, twenty-first-century digital and molecular revolutions, labor, capital, and enslavement.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > International Relations
Research Centres and Groups: Centre for Advanced International Theory
Depositing User: Melanie Richter-Montpetit
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2019 15:04
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2019 16:14
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/81049

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Beyond the Erotics of Orientalism: Queer and Feminist Investments in Liberal WarUnsetThe Leverhulme TrustRF-2017-324