Latency can be conferred to a variety of cytokines by fusion with latency-associated peptide from TGF-β

Mullen, Lisa, Rigby, Anne, Sclanders, Michelle, Adams, Gill, Mittal, Gayatri, Colston, Julia, Fatah, Rewas, Subang, Cristina, Foster, Julie, Francis-West, Philippa, Köster, Mario, Hauser, Hansjörg, Layward, Lorna, Vessillier, Sandrine, Annenkov, Alex, Al-Izki, Sarah, Pryce, Gareth, Bolton, Chris, Baker, David, Gould, David J and Chernajovsky, Yuti (2014) Latency can be conferred to a variety of cytokines by fusion with latency-associated peptide from TGF-β. Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery, 11 (1). pp. 5-16. ISSN 1742-5247

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Targeting cytokines to sites of disease has clear advantages because it increases their therapeutic index. We designed fusion proteins of the latent-associated peptide (LAP) derived from TGF-β with various cytokines via a matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) cleavage site. This design confers latency, increased half-life and targeting to sites of inflammation. The aim of this study is to determine whether this approach can be applied to cytokines of different molecular structures and sizes.

Mature cytokines cloned downstream of LAP and a MMP cleavage site were expressed in 293T cells and assessed for latency and biological activity by Western blotting and bioassay.

We demonstrate here that fusion proteins of TGF-β, erythropoietin, IL-1ra, IL-10, IL-4, BMP-7, IGF1 and IL-17 were rendered latent by fusion to LAP, requiring cleavage to become active in respective bioassays. As further proof of principle, we also show that delivery of engineered TGF-β can inhibit experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and that this approach can be used to efficiently deliver cytokines to the brain and spinal cord in mice with this disease.

The latent cytokine approach can be successfully applied to a range of molecules, including cytokines of different molecular structure and mass, growth factors and a cytokine antagonist.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine
Depositing User: Gemma Hamilton
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2018 14:27
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 13:49

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