Energy response characterization of InGaP X-ray detectors

Lioliou, G, Krysa, A B and Barnett, A M (2018) Energy response characterization of InGaP X-ray detectors. Journal of Applied Physics, 124. a195704. ISSN 0021-8979

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Two custom-made In0.5Ga0.5P p+-i-n+ circular mesa spectroscopic X-ray photodiodes with different diameters (200 μm and 400 μm) and a 5 μm i layer have been characterized for their response to X-ray photons within the energy range 4.95 keV to 21.17 keV. The photodiodes, operating uncooled at 30 °C, were coupled, in turn, to the same custom-made charge-sensitive preamplifier. X-ray fluorescence spectra of high-purity calibration foils excited by a Mo target X-ray tube were accumulated. The energy resolution (Full Width at Half Maximum) increased from 0.79 keV ± 0.02 keV at 4.95 keV to 0.83 keV ± 0.02 keV at 21.17 keV, and from 1.12 keV ± 0.02 keV at 4.95 keV to 1.15 keV ± 0.02 keV at 21.17 keV, when using the 200 μm and 400 μm diameter devices, respectively. Energy resolution broadening with increasing energy was attributed to increasing Fano noise (negligible incomplete charge collection noise was suggested); for the first time the Fano factor for In0.5Ga0.5P was experimentally determined to be 0.13, suggesting a Fano limited energy resolution of 145 eV at 5.9 keV. The charge output of each system had a linear relationship with photon energy, across the investigated energy range. The count rate of both spectroscopic systems increased linearly with varying X-ray tube current up to ~105 photons s-1 cm-2 incident photon fluences. The development of In0.5Ga0.5P based spectrometers is particularly important for hard X-/γ-ray astronomy, due to the material’s large linear X-ray and γ-ray absorption coefficients and ability to operate uncooled at high temperatures.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: A.M.B. acknowledges funding from the Leverhulme Trust, United Kingdom, in the form of a 2016 Philip Leverhulme Prize.
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Engineering and Design
Research Centres and Groups: Space Research Group
Depositing User: Lucy Arnold
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2018 12:45
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2019 14:30

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