Passive smoking is associated with cognitive and emotional impairment in adolescent girls

Khorasanchi, Zahra, Bahrami, Afsane, Avan, Amir, Jaberi, Najmeh, Rezaey, Majid, Bahrami-Taghanaki, Hamidreza, Ferns, Gordon A and Ghayour-Mobarhan, Majid (2019) Passive smoking is associated with cognitive and emotional impairment in adolescent girls. Journal of General Psychology, 146 (1). pp. 68-78. ISSN 0022-1309

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Abstract

It is well established that smoking is associated with impaired mental health and sleep problems. However, the possible effects of passive smoking on cognitive and emotional characteristics have not previously been evaluated in adolescents. We investigated the association between passive smoking and cognitive and emotional function, and sleep patterns in 940 adolescent girls. The girls were divided into 2 groups [305 exposed subjects and 635 non-exposed subjects (the controls)]. The passive smokers had a significantly lower cognitive function and higher depression, aggression, and insomnia scores compared to the control group (P <0.05). No significant difference was detected with respect to day-time sleepiness and sleep apnea. Logistic regression analyses showed that the passive smokers were more likely than the controls to have cognitive impairments, depressive mood, aggressive behavior and insomnia. Adolescent passive smokers had significant differences in their cognitive abilities and emotional function.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Cognitive abilities, depression, insomnia, passive smoking
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Division of Medical Education
Depositing User: Elizabeth Renvoize
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2018 13:24
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2020 02:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/79337

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