Modelling the effects of awareness-based interventions to control the mosaic disease of Jatropha curcas

Al Basir, Fahad, Blyuss, Konstantin B and Ray, Santanu (2018) Modelling the effects of awareness-based interventions to control the mosaic disease of Jatropha curcas. Ecological Complexity, 36. pp. 92-100. ISSN 1476-945X

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Abstract

Plant diseases are responsible for substantial and sometimes devastating economic and societal costs and thus are a major limiting factor for stable and sustainable agricultural production. Diseases of crops are particular crippling in developing countries that are heavily dependent on agriculture for food security and income. Various techniques have been developed to reduce the negative impact of plant diseases and eliminate the associated parasites, but the success of these approaches strongly depends on population awareness and the degree of engagement with disease control and prevention programs. In this paper we derive and analyse a mathematical model of mosaic disease of Jatropha curcas, an important biofuel plant, with particular emphasis on the effects of interventions in the form of nutrients and insecticides, whose use depends on the level of population awareness. Two contributions to disease awareness are considered in the model: global awareness campaigns, and awareness from observing infected plants. All steady states of the model are found, and their stability is analysed in terms of system parameters. We identify parameter regions associated with eradication of disease, stable endemic infection, and periodic oscillations in the level of infection. Analytical results are supported by numerical simulations that illustrate the behaviour of the model in different dynamical regimes. Implications of theoretical results for practical implementation of disease control are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Mathematics
Research Centres and Groups: Mathematics Applied to Biology Research Group
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
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Depositing User: Konstantin Blyuss
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2018 11:21
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2019 01:00
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/79268

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