Group membership, group change, and intergroup attitudes: a recategorization model based on cognitive consistency principles

Roth, Jenny, Steffens, Melanie C and Vignoles, Vivian (2018) Group membership, group change, and intergroup attitudes: a recategorization model based on cognitive consistency principles. Frontiers in Psychology, 9 (479). pp. 1-14. ISSN 1664-1078

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Abstract

The present article introduces a model based on cognitive consistency principles to predict how new identities become integrated into the self-concept, with consequences for intergroup attitudes. The model specifies four concepts (self-concept, stereotypes, identification, and group compatibility) as associative connections. The model builds on two cognitive principles, balance–congruity and imbalance–dissonance, to predict identification with social groups that people currently belong to, belonged to in the past, or newly belong to. More precisely, the model suggests that the relative strength of self-group associations (i.e., identification) depends in part on the (in)compatibility of the different social groups. Combining insights into cognitive representation of knowledge, intergroup bias, and explicit/implicit attitude change, we further derive predictions for intergroup attitudes. We suggest that intergroup attitudes alter depending on the relative associative strength between the social groups and the self, which in turn is determined by the (in)compatibility between social groups. This model unifies existing models on the integration of social identities into the self-concept by suggesting that basic cognitive mechanisms play an important role in facilitating or hindering identity integration and thus contribute to reducing or increasing intergroup bias.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: group change, recategorization, intergroup bias, prejudice, social identification, cognitive dissonance, cognitive balance, identity integration
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Sanjeedah Choudhury
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2018 14:43
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 14:19
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/79237

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