The molecular gas content in obscured AGN at z > 1

Perna, M, Sargent, M T, Bursa, M, Daddi, E, Ferglio, C, Cresci, G, Lanzuisi, G, Lusso, E, Comastri, A, Coogan, R T, D'Amato, Q, Gilli, R, Piconcelli, E and Vignali, C (2018) The molecular gas content in obscured AGN at z > 1. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 619 (A90). pp. 1-20. ISSN 0004-6361

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Abstract

Aims. The standard active galactic nuclei (AGN)-galaxy co-evolutionary scenario predicts a phase of deeply ‘buried’ supermassive black hole growth coexisting with a starburst (SB) before feedback phenomena deplete the cold molecular gas reservoir of the galaxy and an optically luminous quasar (QSO) is revealed (called the SB-QSO evolutionary sequence). The aim of this work is to measure the cold gas reservoir of three highly obscured QSOs to test if their gas fraction is similar to that of submillimetre galaxies (SMGs), as expected by some models, and to place these measurements in the context of the SB-QSO framework.

Methods. We target CO(1-0) transition in BzK4892, a Compton thick (CT) QSO at z=2.6, CO(1-0) in BzK8608 and CO(2-1) in CDF153, two highly obscured (NH ≈ 6 × 1023 cm−2 ) QSOs at z = 2.5 and z = 1.5, respectively. For these targets, we place 3σ upper limits on the CO lines, with L 0 CO < (1.5 ÷ 2.8) × 1010 K km/s pc2 . We also compare the molecular gas conditions of our targets with those of other systems at z > 1, considering normal star-forming galaxies and SMGs, and unobscured and obscured AGN from the literature. For the AGN samples, we provide an updated and almost complete collection of targets with CO follow-up at z > 1.

Results. BzK4892 displays a high star formation efficiency (SFE = LIR/L 0 CO > 410 L/(K km s−1 pc2 )) and a gas fraction fgas = Mgas/(Mstar + Mgas) < 10%. Less stringent constraints are derived for the other two targets (fgas < 0.5 and SFE > 10 L

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Research Centres and Groups: Astronomy Centre
Subjects: Q Science > QB Astronomy
Depositing User: Mark Sargent
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2018 13:38
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2019 14:45
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/78222

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