Medication-related harm due to non-adherence may explain the relationship between polypharmacy and mortality

Rajkumar, Chakravarthi, Ali, Khalid and Parekh, Nikesh (2018) Medication-related harm due to non-adherence may explain the relationship between polypharmacy and mortality. In: 14th International Congress of the European Geriatric Medicine Society: Advancing Geriatric Medicine in a Modern World, 10th - 12th October 2018, Berlin. (Accepted)

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Abstract

Introduction
Strong evidence exists for a relationship between polypharmacy and mortality[1], independent of comorbidity. The mechanisms underlying this relationship are unclear. Medication-related harm (MRH) may occur due to non-adherence or adverse drug reactions. We sought to determine if MRH due to non-adherence or adverse drug reactions may explain the association between polypharmacy and mortality.

Methods
The PRIME study recruited 1280 older adults at hospital discharge from 5 hospitals in England between 2013 to 2015[2]. Patients were followed up in the community for 8-weeks by senior pharmacists to identify MRH using data from hospital readmissions, GP records and patient interviews. Mortality data at 12 months post-discharge were obtained from hospital records. Non-adherence was determined using a modified version of a validated questionnaire[3]. Adverse drug reactions were assessed using the Naranjo algorithm[4]. Adjusted logistic regression models were used to investigate the relationship between (1) number of medicines and MRH, (2) MRH and mortality.

Results
1116 out of 1280 patients completed follow-up (median age 82 years, range 65-103 years, 58% female). Patients were discharged with a median of 9 medicines (range 0-27). A higher number of medicines was strongly associated with MRH due to non-adherence (p<0.01) and adverse drug reactions (p<0.001). In multivariable analysis, MRH due to non-adherence was associated with one-year all-cause mortality (OR 1.80, 95% CI 1.08-2.99, p=0.02), however MRH due to ADR was not (OR 1.20, 95% CI 0.86-1.68, p=0.28).

Key Conclusions
Harm from non-adherence to medications may explain the relationship between polypharmacy and mortality.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Clinical and Experimental Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Marie Shelton
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2018 14:11
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2018 08:40
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/77387

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