Removing and restoring control flow with the Value State Dependence Graph

Stanier, James (2012) Removing and restoring control flow with the Value State Dependence Graph. Doctoral thesis (DPhil), University of Sussex.

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This thesis studies the practicality of compiling with only data flow information.
Specifically, we focus on the challenges that arise when using the Value
State Dependence Graph (VSDG) as an intermediate representation (IR).
We perform a detailed survey of IRs in the literature in order to discover
trends over time, and we classify them by their features in a taxonomy. We
see how the VSDG fits into the IR landscape, and look at the divide between
academia and the 'real world' in terms of compiler technology. Since most
data flow IRs cannot be constructed for irreducible programs, we perform an
empirical study of irreducibility in current versions of open source software,
and then compare them with older versions of the same software. We also
study machine-generated C code from a variety of different software tools.
We show that irreducibility is no longer a problem, and is becoming less so
with time. We then address the problem of constructing the VSDG. Since
previous approaches in the literature have been poorly documented or ignored
altogether, we give our approach to constructing the VSDG from a common
IR: the Control Flow Graph. We show how our approach is independent of
the source and target language, how it is able to handle unstructured control
flow, and how it is able to transform irreducible programs on the fly. Once the
VSDG is constructed, we implement Lawrence's proceduralisation algorithm
in order to encode an evaluation strategy whilst translating the program into
a parallel representation: the Program Dependence Graph. From here, we
implement scheduling and then code generation using the LLVM compiler.
We compare our compiler framework against several existing compilers, and
show how removing control flow with the VSDG and then restoring it later
can produce high quality code. We also examine specific situations where the
VSDG can put pressure on existing code generators. Our results show that the
VSDG represents a radically different, yet practical, approach to compilation.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Informatics
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA0075 Electronic computers. Computer science
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2012 15:19
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2015 13:18

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