Implicit sequence learning of chunking and abstract structures

Fu, Qiufang, Sun, Huiming, Dienes, Zoltan and Fu, Xiaolan (2018) Implicit sequence learning of chunking and abstract structures. Consciousness and Cognition, 62. pp. 42-56. ISSN 1053-8100

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Abstract

The current study investigated whether people can simultaneously acquire knowledge about concrete chunks and abstract structures in implicit sequence learning; and whether the degree of abstraction determines the conscious status of the acquired knowledge. We adopted three types of stimuli in a serial reaction time task in three experiments. The RT results indicated that people could simultaneously acquire knowledge about concrete chunks and abstract structures of the temporal sequence. Generation performance revealed that ability to control was mainly based on abstract structures rather than concrete chunks. Moreover, ability to control was not generally accompanied with awareness of knowing or knowledge, as measured by confidence ratings and attribution tests, confirming that people could control the use of unconscious knowledge of abstract structures. The results present a challenge to computational models and theories of implicit learning.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: implicit learning, sequence learning, concrete chunks, abstract structures
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Depositing User: Ellena Adams
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2018 16:17
Last Modified: 01 Jul 2019 15:01
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/75451

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