Three colonialisms, the ‘developmental’ state, and the global-systemic constitution of genocide in Sudan

Wise, Louise (2017) Three colonialisms, the ‘developmental’ state, and the global-systemic constitution of genocide in Sudan. International Political Sociology. ISSN 1749-5679 (Accepted)

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This article offers a novel account of the genesis and constitution of genocide in Sudan. To do so, it brings developments in critical genocide studies, including the colonial and international ‘turns’, into dialogue with theoretical areas of thought emerging in international relations and other disciplines around processual and relational ontologies, including work that draws conceptual inspiration from complexity theory and assemblage thinking. The approach provides a conceptual vocabulary with which to rethink the ‘phenomenon’ of genocide in Sudan as a process-based, systemic, and emergent entity, rather than as a discrete outcome or temporally and geographically bounded event. It also helps us see seemingly separate episodes of genocide in the country as part of an interconnected whole, an evolving historical ‘pan-Sudanese’ pattern. A key analytical move the article makes is to foreground this pattern; doing so brings into focus the deep and complex coloniality of a genocidal system that is seldom recognised in these terms, unsettling dominant liberal framings and common sense ideas about agency and causality which occlude these colonial entanglements. More specifically, genocide in Sudan is argued to be constituted by, or homologous with, three intersecting colonial logics: ‘post’-colonial, internal colonial, and neo-colonial. Tracing these logics and their shifting dynamics and articulations over time, the historical unfolding of genocide in Sudan appears not as an aberrant ‘breakdown’, crisis, violent outburst, or top-down ideological ‘master plan’. Neither is it a single, linearly unfolding process. Rather, it is emergent from a complex systemic context – a ‘colonial ecology’ – its logic and potentiality imbricated with and incipient within a temporally and geographically expansive web of actors, processes, structures, relations, discourses, norms, practices, and global forces.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > International Relations
Depositing User: Sharon Krummel
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2018 12:55
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2018 13:31

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