A surface code quantum computer in silicon

Hill, Charles D, Peretz, Eldad, Hile, Samuel J, House, Matthew G, Fuechsle, Martin, Rogge, Sven, Simmons, Michelle Y and Hollenberg, Lloyd C L (2015) A surface code quantum computer in silicon. Science Advances, 1 (9). ISSN 2375-2548

[img] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial.

Download (1MB)


The exceptionally long quantum coherence times of phosphorus donor nuclear spin qubits in silicon, coupled with the proven scalability of silicon-based nano-electronics, make them attractive candidates for large-scale quantum computing. However, the high threshold of topological quantum error correction can only be captured in a two-dimensional array of qubits operating synchronously and in parallel—posing formidable fabrication and control challenges. We present an architecture that addresses these problems through a novel shared-control paradigm that is particularly suited to the natural uniformity of the phosphorus donor nuclear spin qubit states and electronic confinement. The architecture comprises a two-dimensional lattice of donor qubits sandwiched between two vertically separated control layers forming a mutually perpendicular crisscross gate array. Shared-control lines facilitate loading/unloading of single electrons to specific donors, thereby activating multiple qubits in parallel across the array on which the required operations for surface code quantum error correction are carried out by global spin control. The complexities of independent qubit control, wave function engineering, and ad hoc quantum interconnects are explicitly avoided. With many of the basic elements of fabrication and control based on demonstrated techniques and with simulated quantum operation below the surface code error threshold, the architecture represents a new pathway for large-scale quantum information processing in silicon and potentially in other qubit systems where uniformity can be exploited.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: Samuel Hile
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2017 09:41
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 17:21
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/71487

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update