Teachers as agents of peace? Exploring teacher agency in social cohesion in Pakistan

Halai, Anjum and Durrani, Naureen (2018) Teachers as agents of peace? Exploring teacher agency in social cohesion in Pakistan. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 48 (4). pp. 535-552. ISSN 0305-7925

[img] PDF - Accepted Version
Download (586kB)


This paper studies an under-researched area—teachers’ role in peacebuilding in conflict-affected contexts—through exploring teacher agency for social cohesion in Pakistan. Insights are sought into teachers’ perspectives on the major drivers of conflict in society and the role of education and teachers in social cohesion and mitigating inequities in education. A 4Rs framework of redistribution, recognition, representation and reconciliation was employed to analyse data gathered from: interviews with and classroom observations of teacher educators; focus group discussions with and questionnaires completed by pre- and in-service teachers, and analysis of teacher education and school curriculum texts. While teachers expressed a nuanced understanding of the conflict drivers in society and appreciated the significance of education in peacebuilding, they subscribed to assimilationist approaches to social cohesion which were aligned with curriculum texts and promoted official nation-building agendas. Additionally, teachers saw issues of social cohesion as peripheral to the core academic curriculum. Teachers’ identity was integrally linked to their religious affiliations.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Education and Social Work > Education
Subjects: L Education
Depositing User: Deeptima Massey
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2017 11:55
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 13:48
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/67211

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update