Rapid assessment of nonlinear optical propagation effects in dielectrics

del Hoyo, J, Ruiz de la Cruz, A, Grace, E, Ferrer, A, Siegel, J, Pasquazi, A, Assanto, G and Solis, J (2015) Rapid assessment of nonlinear optical propagation effects in dielectrics. Scientific Reports, 5 (7650). ISSN 2045-2322

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Ultrafast laser processing applications need fast approaches to assess the nonlinear propagation of the laser beam in order to predict the optimal range of processing parameters in a wide variety of cases. We develop here a method based on the simple monitoring of the nonlinear beam shaping against numerical prediction. The numerical code solves the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with nonlinear absorption under simplified conditions by employing a state-of-the art computationally efficient approach. By comparing with experimental results we can rapidly estimate the nonlinear refractive index and nonlinear absorption coefficients of the material. The validity of this approach has been tested in a variety of experiments where nonlinearities play a key role, like spatial soliton shaping or fs-laser waveguide writing. The approach provides excellent results for propagated power densities for which free carrier generation effects can be neglected. Above such a threshold, the peculiarities of the nonlinear propagation of elliptical beams enable acquiring an instantaneous picture of the deposition of energy inside the material realistic enough to estimate the effective nonlinear refractive index and nonlinear absorption coefficients that can be used for predicting the spatial distribution of energy deposition inside the material and controlling the beam in the writing process.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: Alessia Pasquazi
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2016 13:38
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 02:17
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/63714

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