Aberrant hippocampal subregion networks associated with the classifications of aMCI subjects: a longitudinal resting-state study

Bai, Feng, Xie, Chunming, Watson, David R, Shi, Yongmei, Yuan, Yonggui, Wang, Yi, Yue, Chunxian, Teng, Yuhuan, Wu, Di and Zhang, Zhijun (2011) Aberrant hippocampal subregion networks associated with the classifications of aMCI subjects: a longitudinal resting-state study. PLoS Biology, 6 (12). e29288-e29288. ISSN 1544-9173

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Background: Altered hippocampal structure and function is a valuable indicator of possible conversion from amnestic type mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) to Alzheimer’s disease (AD). However, little is known about the disrupted functional connectivity of hippocampus subregional networks in aMCI subjects.

Methodology/Principal Findings: aMCI group-1 (n = 26) and controls group-1 (n = 18) underwent baseline and after
approximately 20 months follow up resting-state fMRI scans. Integrity of distributed functional connectivity networks incorporating six hippocampal subregions (i.e. cornu ammonis, dentate gyrus and subicular complex, bilaterally) was then explored over time and comparisons made between groups. The ability of these extent longitudinal changes to separate unrelated groups of 30 subjects (aMCI-converters, n = 6; aMCI group-2, n = 12; controls group-2, n = 12) were further assessed. Six longitudinal hippocampus subregional functional connectivity networks showed similar changes in aMCI subjects over time, which were mainly associated with medial frontal gyrus, lateral temporal cortex, insula, posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) and cerebellum. However, the disconnection of hippocampal subregions and PCC may be a key factor of impaired episodic memory in aMCI, and the functional index of these longitudinal changes allowed well classifying independent samples of aMCI converters from non-converters (sensitivity was 83.3%, specificity was 83.3%) and controls (sensitivity was 83.3%, specificity was 91.7%).

Conclusions/Significance: It demonstrated that the functional changes in resting-state hippocampus subregional networks could be an important and early indicator for dysfunction that may be particularly relevant to early stage changes and progression of aMCI subjects.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Neuroscience
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Depositing User: Parisa Rafizadeh-Farahani
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2016 13:45
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 18:01
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/62354

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