Optimisation of the coupling of ion strings to an optical cavity

Begley, Stephen Patrick (2016) Optimisation of the coupling of ion strings to an optical cavity. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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In this work, I detail the reconstruction and upgrades performed on the axial cavity ion trap in the ITCM group at the university of Sussex, and the measurement of the coupling of multiple ions to the cavity mode. This enables the optimal coupling between the ions and the cavity by adjusting the ions position in the radial and axial positions. This covers new ground in extending the optimal coupling beyond two ions which is of great importance for experiments with several ions in an optical cavity.
The thesis outlines the background theory of light-matter interaction and cavity QED, before describing the physical ion trap hardware and its assembly. A description of the laser and cavity systems is provided, including techniques for locking both to stable references. A number of novel measurement techniques for measuring and maximising the stability of the ions and cavities are presented, including micromotion minimisation, spectroscopy, magnetic field compensation using the ground state Hanle effect, and Raman spectroscopy. These techniques enable the measurement of crucial parameters of the atomic transitions and the cavity. The work culminates in a description of the optimisation of the coupling between ion strings and the cavity first by adjusting the radial trap position by means of variable capacitors attached to RF electrodes, and then axially by means of adjusting the endcap potentials and therefore the spacing between ions to obtain the greatest localisation while still positioning the ions close to the antinodes of the cavity field.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > QC0501 Electricity and magnetism > QC0522 Electricity > QC0680 Quantum electrodynamics
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2016 10:04
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2016 10:04
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/61884

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