Boundary blurring: low lethality CBW and their application in law enforcement

McLeish, Caitriona (2016) Boundary blurring: low lethality CBW and their application in law enforcement. In: Exploring Peace: ISAs 57th Annual Convention, March 16th-19th, 2016, Atlanta, Georgia.

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As methods of warfare, the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention and 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention are unequivocal in outlawing the use of chemical and biological weapons. However, certain chemical and biological weapons have proven utilities outside of warfare including as tools to counter social disorder. On this issue the two treaties diverge, with the Chemical Weapons Convention exempting from its scope the use of chemicals for the purpose of law enforcement including domestic riot control. This paper will examine the ‘law enforcement quandary’ and the consequences of it for the chemical and biological disarmament regimes. Using historical narrative this paper will trace some of the special utilities that have been conceived for low-lethal CBW application in war-fighting and law enforcement; the purposeful construct of terminology so as to force distance between law enforcement and battlefield application of the very same agent and the role of the CBW regimes in both negative and positive peace.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations > JZ5511.2 Promotion of peace. Peaceful change > JZ5587 International security. Disarmament. Global survival
Depositing User: Caitriona McLeish
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2016 15:40
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2016 15:41

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