Effectiveness of group body psychotherapy for negative symptoms of schizophrenia: multicentre randomised controlled trial

Priebe, S, Savill, M, Wykes, T, Bentall, R P, Reininghaus, U, Lauber, C, Bremner, S, Eldridge, S and Röhricht, F (2016) Effectiveness of group body psychotherapy for negative symptoms of schizophrenia: multicentre randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 209 (1). pp. 54-61. ISSN 0007-1250

[img] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (458kB)

Abstract

Background
Negative symptoms of schizophrenia have a severe impact on functional outcomes and treatment options are limited. Arts therapies are currently recommended but more evidence is required.

Aims
To assess body psychotherapy as a treatment for negative symptoms compared with an active control (trial registration:ISRCTN84216587).

Method
Schizophrenia out-patients were randomised into a 20-session body psychotherapy or Pilates group. The primary outcome was negative symptoms at end of treatment. Secondary outcomes included psychopathology, functional, social and treatment satisfaction outcomes at treatment end and 6-months later.

Results
In total, 275 participants were randomised. The adjusted difference in negative symptoms was 0.03 (95% CI –1.11 to 1.17), indicating no benefit from body psychotherapy. Small improvements in expressive deficits and movement disorder symptoms were detected in favour of body psychotherapy. No other outcomes were significantly different.

Conclusions
Body psychotherapy does not have a clinically relevant beneficial effect in the treatment of patients with negative symptoms of schizophrenia

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Primary Care and Public Health
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > R852 Research. Experimentation > R853.C55 Clinical trials
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neurosciences. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry > RC0438 Psychiatry
Depositing User: Stephen Bremner
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 10:58
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2019 13:15
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/61364

View download statistics for this item

📧 Request an update