Comparing national home-keeping and the regulation of translational stem cell applications: an international perspective

Sleeboom-Faulkner, Margaret, Chekar, Choon Key, Faulkner, Alex, Heitmeyer, Carolyn, Marouda, Marina, Rosemann, Achim, Chaisinthop, Nattaka, Chang, Hung-Chieh, Ely, Adrian, Kato, Masae, Patra, Prasanna K, Su, Yeyang, Sui, Suli, Suzuki, Wakana and Zhang, Xinqing (2016) Comparing national home-keeping and the regulation of translational stem cell applications: an international perspective. Social Science and Medicine, 153. pp. 240-249. ISSN 0277-9536

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A very large grey area exists between translational stem cell research and applications that comply with the ideals of randomised control trials and good laboratory and clinical practice and what is often referred to as snake-oil trade. We identify a discrepancy between international research and ethics regulation and the ways in which regulatory instruments in the stem cell field are developed in practice. We examine this discrepancy using the notion of ‘national home-keeping’, referring to the way governments articulate international standards and regulation with conflicting demands on local players at home.

Identifying particular dimensions of regulatory tools – authority, permissions, space and acceleration – as crucial to national home-keeping in Asia, Europe and the USA, we show how local regulation works to enable development of the field, notwithstanding international (i.e. principally ‘western’) regulation. Triangulating regulation with empirical data and archival research between 2012 and 2015 has helped us to shed light on how countries and organisations adapt and resist internationally dominant regulation through the manipulation of regulatory tools (contingent upon country size, the state's ability to accumulate resources, healthcare demands, established traditions of scientific governance, and economic and scientific ambitions).

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > Anthropology
Depositing User: Nikoleta Kiapidou
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2016 14:06
Last Modified: 14 Jul 2020 15:00

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Project NameSussex Project NumberFunderFunder Ref
Bionetworking in Asia - International collaboration, exchange, and responsible innovation in the life sciencesG0750ESRC-ECONOMIC & SOCIAL RESEARCH COUNCILES/I018107/1
Regenerative medicine and its potential for development and diffusion: an analysis of emergent value systems and health service readinessG1398ESRC-ECONOMIC & SOCIAL RESEARCH COUNCILR15474 - ES/L002779/1
Bionetworking in Asia - A social science approach to international collaboration, informal exchanges, and responsible innovation in the life sciencesG0812EUROPEAN UNION283219