Climate policy innovation: a sociotechnical transitions perspective

Upham, Paul, Kivimaa, Paula, Mickwitz, Per and Astrand, Kerstin (2014) Climate policy innovation: a sociotechnical transitions perspective. Environmental Politics, 25 (5). pp. 774-794. ISSN 0964-4016

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Seeking to develop a novel understanding of how climate policy innovation (CPI) emerges and spreads, we conceptualise three types of CPIs – genuinely original, diffusion based, and reframing based – and relate these to the sociotechnical transitions literature, particularly the multi-level perspective (MLP) that explains change through interaction between ‘niche’, ‘regime’, and ‘landscape’ levels. Selected climate-related transport policies in Finland, Sweden, and the UK are used to illustrate five hypotheses that connect these concepts from the MLP to particular types of CPI. ‘Original’ policy innovation may be uncommon in contexts with major sunk investments such as transport, principally because sociotechnical regimes tend to be resistant to political pressures for change originating at the same level. Nonetheless, the MLP posits that regimes are subject to influence by pressures originating at both niche and landscape levels. Given that policy reframing is relatively common, it may offer a key entry point for CPI in the short to medium term.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: climate policy innovation, sociotechnical transitions, path dependence, path creation, transport
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and communications > HE0199.9 Passenger traffic (General)
H Social Sciences > HE Transportation and communications > HE5601 Automotive transportation
Depositing User: Paula Kivimaa
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2016 08:59
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2016 08:59
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