R&D policy instruments – a critical review of what we do and don’t know

Martin, Ben R (2016) R&D policy instruments – a critical review of what we do and don’t know. Industry and Innovation, 23 (2). pp. 157-176. ISSN 1366-2716

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In recent years, the term ‘policy instrument’ has been used more frequently with regard to R&D policy and innovation policy. What does this term mean? Where did it come from? What do we know about it, both with regard to the general field of policy studies but also in the specific context of R&D policy? This article examines the development of the notion of policy instruments as part of a body of research known as ‘policy design’. Over the last 50 years, there has been substantial progress in setting policy design on a more systematic basis, with the development of established concepts and analytical frameworks, including various taxonomies of policy instruments. However, with just a few exceptions, this body of research seems to have had little impact in the world of R&D policy. The paper reviews the literature on R&D policy instruments. It identifies a number of challenges for R&D policy instruments in the light of four transitions – the shift from linear to systemic thinking about R&D and innovation, the shift from national governments to multi-level governance, the shift from individual actors to collaborations and networks, and the shift from individual policies to policy mixes. It sets out a research agenda for the study of R&D policy instruments, before ending with a number of conclusions.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: policy instruments; R&D policy; policy design; policy mix
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Depositing User: Ben Martin
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2015 09:03
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 18:19
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/58671

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