Establishing coherence across sentence boundaries: an individual differences approach

Hamilton, Stephen T and Oakhill, Jane V (2014) Establishing coherence across sentence boundaries: an individual differences approach. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 29 (10). pp. 1240-1248. ISSN 2327-3798

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The aim of this study was to investigate the cognitive abilities that underlie coherence building. A coherence judgement task was used for this purpose. The task was comprised of four conditions that resulted from crossing coherence and cohesion (the presence of a connective), a manipulation that elicited two-way interactions in both judgement accuracy and reading times. Hierarchical Linear Modelling was then used to assess the influence of individual difference variables (vocabulary, working memory, and decoding) on target sentence reading times across the four conditions. Two of these variables, working memory and vocabulary, shared cross-level interactions with the coherent-incohesive condition – the only condition in which coherence had to be established with an un-cued bridging inference. Vocabulary acted to decrease reading times associated with the condition whereas working memory acted to increase them. These effects are interpreted with reference to lexical quality and retrieval-based knowledge access.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Depositing User: Lene Hyltoft
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2015 10:16
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 01:23

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