Umami flavor enhances appetite but also increases satiety

Masic, Una and Yeomans, Martin R (2014) Umami flavor enhances appetite but also increases satiety. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 100 (2). pp. 532-538. ISSN 0002-9165

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Background: Monosodium glutamate (MSG) has been shown to increase satiety when combined with protein. Inosine 5′-monophosphate acts synergistically with MSG when tasted, is present in high-protein sources, and may potentially further enhance satiety.

Objective: We assessed effects of a combination of monosodium glutamate and inosine 5′-monophosphate (MSG/IMP) provided either alone or in a high-energy, high-carbohydrate and -protein soup on appetite during ingestion and postingestive satiety.

Design: Fixed portions (450 g) of a low-energy control and high-energy, high-carbohydrate and -protein soup preload with added monosodium glutamate and inosine 5′-monophosphate (MSG/IMP+) or without added monosodium glutamate and inosine 5′-monophosphate (MSG/IMP−) were consumed on 4 nonconsecutive days, and changes in appetite during soup intake and at a subsequent ad libitum lunch were assessed in 26 low-restraint volunteers by using a within-participant design.

Results: MSG/IMP+ conditions significantly reduced subsequent intake more than the MSG/IMP− condition did irrespective of energy. The high-carbohydrate and -protein condition also reduced intake independently of MSG/IMP. Energy compensation was greater in the MSG/IMP+ carbohydrate and protein conditions than MSG/IMP− condition. The addition of the MSG/IMP+ also increased the soup pleasantness and caused an immediate increase in appetite when the soup was first tasted.

Conclusion: The addition of MSG/IMP to a low-energy preload had a biphasic effect on appetite by stimulating appetite during ingestion and enhancing postingestive satiety. This trial was registered at as ISRCTN14567895.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Depositing User: Lene Hyltoft
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2015 14:57
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2015 14:57
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