Effect of mindfulness meditation on brain–computer interface performance

Tan, Lee-Fan, Dienes, Zoltan, Jansari, Ashok and Goh, Sing-Yau (2014) Effect of mindfulness meditation on brain–computer interface performance. Consciousness and Cognition, 23. pp. 12-21. ISSN 1053-8100

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Electroencephalogram based brain–computer interfaces (BCIs) enable stroke and motor neuron disease patients to communicate and control devices. Mindfulness meditation
has been claimed to enhance metacognitive regulation. The current study explores whether mindfulness meditation training can thus improve the performance of BCI users.
To eliminate the possibility of expectation of improvement influencing the results, we introduced a music training condition. A norming study found that both meditation and
music interventions elicited clear expectations for improvement on the BCI task, with the strength of expectation being closely matched. In the main 12 week intervention study, seventy-six healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to three groups: a meditation
training group; a music training group; and a no treatment control group. The mindfulness meditation training group obtained a significantly higher BCI accuracy compared to both the music training and no-treatment control groups after the intervention, indicating effects of meditation above and beyond expectancy effects.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Psychology > Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
Depositing User: Lene Hyltoft
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2015 08:09
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2019 22:33
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/55264

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