Policy learning and policy change in a context of industry crisis: the case of Chilean salmon farming industry

Roa Petrasic, Veronica Alejandra (2015) Policy learning and policy change in a context of industry crisis: the case of Chilean salmon farming industry. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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This research investigates the policy response to the 2007-2010 sanitary crisis in the Chilean salmon industry, the second largest producer and exporter of salmon in the world. This industry is an emblematic case of the possible consequences of employing an intensive natural resource model for development.

The research draws upon the two literatures on policy learning and policy change, and crisis and disaster management, and upon the system failure to explain the causes and consequences of the sanitary crisis in the industry. The thesis employs the qualitative method of case study and utilises primary and secondary sources of data and information.

The main argument of the research is that the process of policy learning during and following catastrophic events is very different from the process of the policy learning during normal times. The main findings are, firstly, in the case of the Chilean salmon industry, the sanitary
crisis disrupted the industry governance processes, including the regulatory framework of the industry, opening a window for radical institutional change. Secondly, potentially radical measures were part of a set of policies that emerged as initial responses, after which a set of more incremental policy responses were developed and applied. Moreover, the sanitary crisis was not transient nor episodic but was enduring, persistent and dynamic. Thirdly, the policy responses to the sanitary crisis destabilised the consensus in the Chilean industry causing conflict and ambiguity over policy responses.

The thesis contributes to the policy learning and policy change literature in the context of catastrophic events by extending the view this literature offers on dramatic events such as crises, by considering them as dynamic and persistent situations, analysing their potential as
precipitators of radical policy change, and providing a means for considering the timing and processes by which this radical policy change may occur and be directed toward better social outcomes.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Subjects: S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2015 05:38
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2015 14:45
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/54235

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