Structure and stability of the (001) alpha-quartz surface

Goumans, T P M, Wander, Adrian, Brown, Wendy A and Catlow, C Richard A (2007) Structure and stability of the (001) alpha-quartz surface. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 9 (17). 2146 - 2152. ISSN 1463-9076

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The structure and surface energies of the cleaved, reconstructed, and fully hydroxylated ( 001) alpha-quartz surface of various thicknesses are investigated with periodic density functional theory (DFT). The properties of the cleaved and hydroxylated surface are reproduced with a slab thickness of 18 atomic layers, while a thicker 27-layer slab is necessary for the reconstructed surface. The performance of the hybrid DFT functional B3LYP, using an atomic basis set, is compared with the generalised gradient approximation, PBE, employing plane waves. Both methodologies give similar structures and surface energies for the cleaved and reconstructed surfaces, which validates studying these surfaces with hybrid DFT. However, there is a slight difference between the PBE and B3LYP approach for the geometry of the hydrogen bonded network on the hydroxylated surface. The PBE adsorption energy of CO on a surface silanol site is in good agreement with experimental values, suggesting that this method is more accurate for hydrogen bonded structures than B3LYP. New hybrid functionals, however, yield improved weak interactions. Since these functionals also give superior activation energies, we recommend applying the new functionals to contemporary issues involving the silica surface and adsorbates on this surface.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science
Depositing User: Deeptima Massey
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2014 08:47
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 02:34

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