Community policing through local collective action in Tanzania: Sungusungu to Ulinzi Shirikishi

Cross, Charlotte (2013) Community policing through local collective action in Tanzania: Sungusungu to Ulinzi Shirikishi. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Community policing (polisi jamii) was officially introduced in Tanzania in 2006 as part
of an ongoing police reform programme. In addition to attempting to improve
communication between police and the public, the police have promoted ulinzi
shirikishi (participatory security), whereby citizens are encouraged to form
neighbourhood policing institutions to prevent and detect crime. This thesis presents
the findings of research conducted in the city of Mwanza that explored the extent to
which community policing has improved residents’ perceptions of local security and
constitutes a form of policing which is responsive, accountable and sustainable. Whilst
ulinzi shirikishi is widely credited with having improved local safety, it has proved
difficult to sustain collective action through community policing and the costs and
benefits of participation have been unequally distributed across ‘communities’. These
outcomes should be understood in terms of the context of how local development is
organised and understood in Tanzania. Firstly, existing local governance institutions
lack transparency and meaningful accountability mechanisms and are highly
dependent upon personal preferences and capacity. Secondly, local development is
politicised and liable to become subject to inter-party competition. Thirdly, historical
understandings of ‘participation’ in Tanzania tend to emphasise obligation and
material contributions rather than popular influence over initiatives, however this is
increasingly being contested in today’s multiparty context. The apparent shortcomings
of community policing are not necessarily inconsistent with police objectives for the
reform, which often prioritise cost-effective crime prevention rather than the
reorientation and ‘democratisation’ of policing envisaged by advocates of community

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: Institute of Development Studies
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare. Criminology > HV7231 Criminal justice administration > HV7551 Police. Detectives. Constabulary > HV7935 Administration and organisation
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2013 10:59
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2015 13:23

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