Capitalist bloc formation, transnationalisation of the state and the transnational capitalist class in post-1991 Ukraine

Yurchenko, Yuliya (2013) Capitalist bloc formation, transnationalisation of the state and the transnational capitalist class in post-1991 Ukraine. Doctoral thesis (PhD), University of Sussex.

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Abstract

This thesis uses transnational historical materialist theory and methodology to
explicate the transformation of Ukraine's economy after the demise of the USSR,
examining specifically the period from 1991 to the present. Thus, the thesis explores the
ways in which the formation of the capitalist historic bloc, the ascent and agency of
Ukraine's capitalist and ruling class(es), and the agency of transnational capital are the
driving forces behind that transformation and its socially destabilising nature. Social
agency is one critical issue in this argument, in that as this thesis shows the main reason
behind the inability to stabilise the social order in Ukraine is the ongoing rivalry in the
process of class formation.

Neoliberal marketization reforms (actively supported by IMF, WB, and EBRD)
allowed Ukraine's rival ruling and emerging capitalist class and their fractions to pursue
their personal economic interests and by that undermine possibilities for socioeconomic
stabilisation. Thus Ukraine's economy has been shaped through processes of
accumulation by dispossession (Harvey, 2003), or privatisation, and capitalist class
fractional formation and rivalry. In the latter process a capitalist class-for-itself has
emerged through organising its fractions around political parties and through actively
engaging with the EU and US lobby and interest groups. Through these practices, a
process of trasformismo (Gramsci, 1971) and effective strengthening of Ukraine’s
capitalist historic bloc is evolving. Ukraine’s ideologically semi-denationalised ruling
(Sassen, 2007) and capitalist forces that emerge from the trasformismo dialectic by
transnationalising Ukraine’s state for their own political and/or economic gain
essentially institutionalise the discipline of capital and facilitate a passive revolution
(Gramsci, Ibid.) towards a generation of consent to the global hegemony of neoliberal
market ideology. This ‘passive revolution’ further incapacitates possibilities for the
emergence of ideological and thus political counter-movements and alternative
institutional forms.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Schools and Departments: School of Global Studies > International Relations
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DK History of Russia. Soviet Union. Former Soviet Republics > DK0501 Local history and description > DK0508 Ukraine
H Social Sciences > HB Economic theory. Demography > HB0501 Capital. Capitalism
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe) > JN6630 Ukraine
Depositing User: Library Cataloguing
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2013 17:08
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2018 12:27
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/47118

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