Intellectual property and 3D printing: a case study on 3D chocolate printing

Li, Phoebe, Mellor, Stephen, Griffin, James, Waelde, Charlotte, Hao, Liang and Everson, Richard (2014) Intellectual property and 3D printing: a case study on 3D chocolate printing. Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice, 9 (4). pp. 322-332. ISSN 1747-1532

Full text not available from this repository.


The emergence of 3D printing technology as a ‘disruptive technology’ challenges the existing intellectual property framework. Our paper considers one part of that framework—copyright—in the light of 3D printing, with a special focus on issues involving artistic works and liability for authorization of infringement of copyright.

We consider a scenario concerning consumer co-creation arising from 3D chocolate printing technology developed at Exeter University. We discuss the production of two-dimensional artistic works into three dimensions; ownership; originality and substantial copying; and authorship, term of protection and authorization of infringement.

We consider different business models for co-creation of 3D printing technology. We conclude that by resorting to collective bargaining mechanisms and collective licensing schemes akin to those developed in the UK and in Europe, the co-creators could be rewarded through mechanisms akin to benefit sharing.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Law
Subjects: K Law > K Law in General. Comparative and uniform Law. Jurisprudence
Depositing User: Phoebe Li
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2013 09:13
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2014 14:24
📧 Request an update