Numerical simulation of clouds and precipitation depending on different relationships between aerosol and cloud droplet spectral dispersion

Xiaoning Xie, Xiaodong Liu, Yiran Peng, Yi Wang, Zhiguo Yue, Xinzhou Li

Abstract


The aerosol effects on clouds and precipitation in deep convective cloud systems are investigated using the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) model with the Morrison two-moment bulk microphysics scheme. Considering positive or negative relationships between the cloud droplet number concentration (Nc) and spectral dispersion (ɛ), a suite of sensitivity experiments are performed using an initial sounding data of the deep convective cloud system on 31 March 2005 in Beijing under either a maritime (‘clean’) or continental (‘polluted’) background. Numerical experiments in this study indicate that the sign of the surface precipitation response induced by aerosols is dependent on the ɛNc relationships, which can influence the autoconversion processes from cloud droplets to rain drops. When the spectral dispersion ɛ is an increasing function of Nc, the domain-average cumulative precipitation increases with aerosol concentrations from maritime to continental background. That may be because the existence of large-sized rain drops can increase precipitation at high aerosol concentration. However, the surface precipitation is reduced with increasing concentrations of aerosol particles when ɛ is a decreasing function of Nc. For the ɛNc negative relationships, smaller spectral dispersion suppresses the autoconversion processes, reduces the rain water content and eventually decreases the surface precipitation under polluted conditions. Although differences in the surface precipitation between polluted and clean backgrounds are small for all the ɛNc relationships, additional simulations show that our findings are robust to small perturbations in the initial thermal conditions.

Keywords: aerosol indirect effects, cloud droplet spectral dispersion, autoconversion parameterization, deep convective systems, two-moment bulk microphysics scheme

(Published: 15 February 2013)

Citation: Tellus B 2013, 65, 19054, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/tellusb.v65i0.19054


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Tellus Series B eISSN 1600-0889 (print volumes from 1949 – 2011: ISSN 0280-6509)

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