Dreaming of seamless borders: ICTs and the pre-emptive governance of mobility in Europe

Broeders, Dennis and Hampshire, James (2013) Dreaming of seamless borders: ICTs and the pre-emptive governance of mobility in Europe. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 39 (8). pp. 1201-1218. ISSN 1369-183X

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A recent trend in migration policy in Europe is the increased use of ICTs for border control purposes. A growing academic literature explains the digitisation of border controls as an instance of post-9/11 securitization of migration policy. This paper re-examines why European states are digitising their border controls, and then explores how ‘pre-emptive mobility governance’ works. Although security imperatives play a role in accelerating digitisation, a securitization framing obscures continuities with pre-9/11 practices and underplays other policy drivers. Pre-emptive mobility governance is best characterised as a digital-era version of ‘remote control’, and is shaped by other organizational and political rationales: first, instrumental beliefs about the efficiency gains of border technologies; second, their symbolic role in the context of the domestic politicization of immigration. The paper then considers how ICTs are reshaping the tools of mobility governance, enabling three distinct modes of pre-emptive detection and effect: black, grey and green-listing.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Politics
Subjects: J Political Science
Depositing User: James Hampshire
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2013 14:36
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2019 15:05
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/42829
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