Recombination-restarted replication makes inverted chromosome fusions at inverted repeats

Mizuno, Ken'ichi, Miyabe, Izumi, Schalbetter, Stephanie, Carr, Antony and Murray, Johanne (2013) Recombination-restarted replication makes inverted chromosome fusions at inverted repeats. Nature, 493. pp. 246-249. ISSN 0028-0836

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Impediments to DNA replication are known to induce gross chromosomal rearrangements (GCR) and copy number variations (CNV). GCRs/CNVs underlie human genomic disorders1 and are a feature of cancer2. During cancer development environmental factors and oncogene-driven proliferation promote replication stress. Resulting GCRs/CNVs are proposed to contribute to cancer development and therapy resistance3. When stress arrests replication, the replisome remains associated with the fork DNA (stalled fork) and is protected by the inter-S phase checkpoint. Stalled forks efficiently resume when the stress is relieved. However, if the polymerases dissociate from the fork (fork collapse) or the fork structure breaks (broken fork), replication restart can proceed either by homologous recombination (HR) or microhomology-primed re-initiation (FoSTeS/MMBIR)4,5. Here we ascertain the consequences of replication with a fork restarted by HR. We identify a new mechanism of chromosomal rearrangement: recombination-restarted forks have an exceptionally high propensity to execute a U-turn at small inverted repeats (up to 1:40 replication events). We propose that the error-prone nature of restarted forks contributes to the generation of GCRs and gene amplification in cancer and to non-recurrent CNVs in genomic disorders

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Sussex Centre for Genome Damage and Stability
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH0301 Biology
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Depositing User: Johanne Murray
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2013 12:27
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2013 12:27
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