The decline of university patenting and the end of the Bayh–Dole effect

Leydesdorff, Loet and Meyer, Martin (2010) The decline of university patenting and the end of the Bayh–Dole effect. Scientometrics, 83 (2). pp. 355-362. ISSN 0138-9130

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University patenting has been heralded as a symbol of changing relations between universities and their social environments. The Bayh–Dole Act of 1980 in the USA was eagerly promoted by the OECD as a recipe for the commercialization of university research, and the law was imitated by a number of national governments. However, since the 2000s university patenting in the most advanced economies has been on the decline both as a percentage and in absolute terms. In addition to possible saturation effects and institutional learning, we suggest that the institutional incentives for university patenting have disappeared with the new regime of university ranking. Patents and spin-offs are not counted in university rankings. In the new arrangements of university–industry–government relations, universities have become very responsive to changes in their relevant environments.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Patents; Indicator; Legislation; Entrepreneurial university; Triple Helix; Mode-2
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > Business and Management
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > Z0665 Library Science. Information Science
Depositing User: Martin Meyer
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2012 14:39
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2012 14:35

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