Considering the energy, water and food nexus: Towards an integrated modelling approach

Bazilian, Morgan, Rogner, Holger, Howells, Mark, Hermann, Sebastian, Arent, Doug, Gielen, Dolf, Steduto, Pasquale, Mueller, Alexander, Komor, Paul, Tol, Richard S J and Yumkella, Kandeh K (2011) Considering the energy, water and food nexus: Towards an integrated modelling approach. Energy Policy, 39 (12). pp. 7896-7906. ISSN 0301-4215

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The areas of energy, water and food policy have numerous interwoven concerns ranging from ensuring access to services, to environmental impacts to price volatility. These issues manifest in very different ways in each of the three "spheres", but often the impacts are closely related. Identifying these interrelationships a priori is of great importance to help target synergies and avoid potential tensions. Systems thinking is required to address such a wide swath of possible topics. This paper briefly describes some of the linkages at a high-level of aggregation - primarily from a developing country perspective - and via case studies, to arrive at some promising directions for addressing the nexus. To that end, we also present the attributes of a modelling framework that specifically addresses the nexus, and can thus serve to inform more effective national policies and regulations. While environmental issues are normally the 'cohesive principle' from which the three areas are considered jointly, the enormous inequalities arising from a lack of access suggest that economic and security-related issues may be stronger motivators of change. Finally, consideration of the complex interactions will require new institutional capacity both in industrialised and developing countries. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > Economics
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
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Depositing User: Richard Tol
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2012 08:23
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2012 17:11
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