Analysis of prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance in primary infections in the United Kingdom

Porter, Kholoud, Pillay, Deenan, Cane, Patricia, Dean, Gill, Churchill, Duncan, Baily, Guy, Drake, Susan and Fisher, Martin (2001) Analysis of prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance in primary infections in the United Kingdom. BMJ, 322. pp. 1087-1088. ISSN 1759-2151

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Abstract

Objectives: To identify changes since 1994 in the prevalence of resistance to anti-HIV drugs in primary HIV-1 infections in the United Kingdom.

Design: Retrospective and prospective assessment of viruses obtained from people recently infected with HIV.

Setting: Multiple centres (patients enrolled in the UK register of seroconverters) and a single large HIV clinic (active case ascertainment).

Participants: 69 patients infected with HIV between June 1994 and August 2000.

Main outcome measures: Prevalence of key mutations associated with drug resistance in the reverse transcriptase and protease genes of HIV-1, by year of infection.

Results: Between June 1994 and August 2000, 10 (14%) of 69 newly infected patients had one or more key HIV-1 mutations associated with drug resistance. The risk of being infected with drug resistant virus increased over time (adjusted relative risk per year 1.74 (95% confidence interval 0.93 to 3.27), P=0.06). The estimated prevalence of drug resistance in those infected in 2000 was 27% (12% to 48%).

Conclusions: Transmission of drug resistant HIV-1 in the United Kingdom seems to be increasing. New approaches to encourage safer sexual behaviour in all sectors of the population are urgently needed.

What is already known on this topic: The emergence of HIV drug resistance in patients receiving antiretroviral therapy is common.

Transmission of virus variants resistant to anti-HIV drugs has been documented.

What this paper adds: The prevalence of transmitted HIV drug resistance in the United Kingdom is increasing, exceeding 20% in 2000.

New approaches to encourage safer sexual behaviour are urgently needed.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: Brighton and Sussex Medical School > Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2012 09:59
Last Modified: 18 May 2021 15:46
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/37344

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