The role of academic technology transfer organizations in improving industry-science links.

Debackere, Koenraad and Veugelers, Reinhilde (2005) The role of academic technology transfer organizations in improving industry-science links. Research Policy, 34 (3). pp. 321-342. ISSN 0048-7333

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The transfer of scientific and technological know-how into valuable economic activity has become a high priority on many policy agendas. IndustryScienceLinks (ISLs) are an important dimension of this policy orientation. Over the last decades, multiple insights have been gained (both theoretical and empirical) as to how “effective” ISLs can be fostered through the design and the development of university-based technologytransferorganizations (TTOs). In this paper, we document and analyze the evolution of “effective” university-based technologytransfer mechanisms. We describe how decentralized organizational approaches and incentives that stimulate the active involvement of the research groups in the exploitation of their research findings might be combined with specialized central services offering intellectual property management and spin-off support. More particularly, we analyze how the creation of:

an appropriate balance between centralization and decentralization within academia;
the design of appropriate incentive structures for academic research groups;
the implementation of appropriate decision and monitoring processes within the TTO
has brought about critical elements in fostering an “effective” commercialization of the academicscience base.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Using supportive data at supranational (EU), national (Belgium) and local (Leuven university) levels, the paper shows that balances need to be struck in developing an optimal governance structure for technology transfer offices. As lead author of this widely cited paper, Prof Debackere contributed much of the analysis plus the micro-level data.
Schools and Departments: School of Business, Management and Economics > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 20 Feb 2012 16:54
Last Modified: 11 Apr 2012 10:33
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