Revision of the nomenclature for the Bacillus thuringiensis pesticidal crystal proteins

Crickmore, N, Baum, J, Dean, D, Feitelson, J, Lereclus, D, Schnepf, E, Van Rie, J and Zeigler, D (1998) Revision of the nomenclature for the Bacillus thuringiensis pesticidal crystal proteins. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, 62 (3). pp. 807-813. ISSN 1092-2172

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The crystal proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis have been extensively studied because of their pesticidal properties and their high natural levels of production. The increasingly rapid characterization of new crystal protein genes, triggered by an effort to discover proteins with new pesticidal properties, has resulted in a variety of sequences and activities that no longer,fit the original nomenclature system proposed tn 1989. Bacillus thuringiensis pesticidal crystal protein (Cly and Cyt) nomenclature was initially based on insecticidal activity for the primary ranking criterion. Many exceptions to this systematic arrangement have become apparent, however; making the nomenclature system inconsistent. Additionally, the original nomenclature, with foul activity-based primary ranks for 13 genes, did not anticipate the current 73 holotype sequences that form many more than the original four subgroups. A new nomenclature, based on hierarchical clustering using amino acid sequence identity, is proposed. Roman numeral have been exchanged for Arabic numerals in the primary rank (e.g., Cry1Aa) to better accommodate the large number of expected new sequences. In this proposal, 133 crystal proteins comprising 24 primary ranks are systematically arranged.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Depositing User: Neil Crickmore
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 21:26
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2019 09:07
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