The meaning of BATNEEC: interpreting excessive costs in UK industrial pollution regulation

Sorrell, Steven (2002) The meaning of BATNEEC: interpreting excessive costs in UK industrial pollution regulation. Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 4 (1). pp. 23-40. ISSN 1523-908X

Full text not available from this repository.


The paper examines how the concept of ‘excessive costs’ has been interpreted in the implementation of industrial pollution control in the UK. Since 1984, industrial air pollution regulation in the EU has been guided by the framework concept of Best Available Technology Not Entailing Excessive Costs (BATNEEC). With the introduction of the Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Directive in 1996, this has been replaced by the concept of Best Available Techniques (BAT). Despite the absence of the NEEC qualification, IPPC BAT includes excessive costs in its definition of ‘available’. Both concepts require interpretation and both devolve potentially controversial decisions to the level of the individual site regulator. A central issue in interpreting ‘excessive costs’ is the relative importance of environmental cost–benefit analysis versus the ability of a sector to ‘afford’ environmental improvements. Also important is how such concepts can be operationalized by regulators who lack resources and depend upon industry for information. The paper provides a historical account of how these issues have been dealt with in the UK and argues that the key difficulties are far from being resolved. The paper concludes by assessing the implications for the future implementation of IPPC.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Industrial air pollution regulation in the EU has since 1984 been subject to considerations of `not entailing excessive cost (NEEC). This quasi-historical survey shows that many problems of definition and implementation remain for policymaking, and in line with SPRU views these include such issues as providing more and better information, increasing participation, raising consistency and encouraging radical change.
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Depositing User: Steven Sorrell
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 21:14
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2012 14:18
📧 Request an update