Local dendritic activity sets release probability at hippocampal synapses

Branco, Tiago, Staras, Kevin, Darcy, Kevin J and Goda, Yukiko (2008) Local dendritic activity sets release probability at hippocampal synapses. Neuron, 59 (3). pp. 475-485. ISSN 0896-6273

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The arrival of an action potential at a synapse triggers neurotransmitter release with a limited probability, pr. Although pr is a fundamental parameter in defining synaptic efficacy, it is not uniform across all synapses, and the mechanisms by which a given synapse sets its basal release probability are unknown. By measuring pr at single presynaptic terminals in connected pairs of hippocampal neurons, we show that neighboring synapses on the same dendritic branch have very similar release probabilities, and pr is negatively correlated with the number of synapses on the branch. Increasing dendritic depolarization elicits a homeostatic decrease in pr, and equalizing activity in the dendrite significantly reduces its variability. Our results indicate that local dendritic activity is the major determinant of basal release probability, and we suggest that this feedback regulation might be required to maintain synapses in their operational range.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Neuroscience
Subjects: Q Science
Depositing User: Kevin Staras
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 21:11
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 08:02
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/30053
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