Evolving behavioral choice: An investigation of Herrnstein's matching law

Seth, Anil K (1999) Evolving behavioral choice: An investigation of Herrnstein's matching law. In: Floreano, D, Nicoud, J D and Mondada, F (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th European conference on artificial life. Springer-Verlag.

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In 1961, Herrnstein famously observed that many animals match the frequency of their response to different stimuli in proportion to the reinforcement obtained from each stimulus type. Since then, a great deal of research has attempted to elucidate the mechanisms underlying this ``matching law'', so far without a clear consensus emerging. Here, we take the view that ``choice behaviour'' is a product of agent, environment, and observer, and that ``mechanisms of choice'' are therefore not to be located solely within the chooser. A simple model, employing the novel methodology of evolving choice behaviour in a multi-agent system, is used to demonstrate that matching behaviour can occur (in stable environments) without any dedicated choice mechanism.

Item Type: Book Section
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Informatics
Depositing User: Anil Seth
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 21:06
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2012 16:12
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/29559
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