High precision extraction of grammatical relations

Carroll, John and Briscoe, Ted (2002) High precision extraction of grammatical relations. In: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING'02), Taipei, Taiwan.

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A parsing system returning analyses in the form of sets of grammatical relations can obtain high precision if it hypothesises a particular relation only when it is certain that the relation is correct. We operationalise this technique---in a statistical parser using a manually-developed wide-coverage grammar of English---by only returning relations that form part of all analyses licensed by the grammar. We observe an increase in precision from 75% to over 90% (at the cost of a reduction in recall) on a test corpus of naturally-occurring text.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Originality: Presents a generally-applicable technique for increasing the precision of the analyses returned by natural language parsers by considering the relative weighting assigned by the parser to all possible sub-analyses. Rigour: Technique tested on a publicly-available domain-independent gold standard test set. Significance: Results show up to a 15 percentage point increase in precision (at a cost in recall). Impact: Google Scholar 33 citations. Outlet: Presented at a long-established, top-tier international conference on natural language processing.
Schools and Departments: School of Engineering and Informatics > Informatics
Depositing User: John Carroll
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:46
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2012 09:44
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/28021
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