Nature over nurture: temperament personality and lifespan

McCrae, Robert R, Costa Jr, Paul T, Ostendorf, Fritz, Angleitner, Alois, Hrebickova, Martina, Avia, Maria D, Sanz, Jesus, Sanchez-Bernardos, Maria L, Kusdil, M Ersin, Woodfield, Ruth, Saunders, Peter R and Smith, Peter B (2000) Nature over nurture: temperament personality and lifespan. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78 (1). 173 - 186. ISSN 0022-3514

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Temperaments are often regarded as biologically based psychological tendencies with intrinsic paths of development. It is argued that this definition applies to the personality traits of the five-factor model. Evidence for the endogenous nature of traits is summarized from studies of behavior genetics, parent¿child relations, personality structure, animal personality, and the longitudinal stability of individual differences. New evidence for intrinsic maturation is offered from analyses of NEO Five-Factor Inventory scores for men and women age 14 and over in German, British, Spanish, Czech, and Turkish samples (N = 5,085). These data support strong conceptual links to child temperament despite modest empirical associations. The intrinsic maturation of personality is complemented by the culturally conditioned development of characteristic adaptations that express personality; interventions in human development are best addressed to these. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Sociology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:43
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2012 08:50
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