On the economics of R&D and technological collaborations: insights and results from the Project COLLINE

Foray, Dominique and Steinmueller, Edward (2003) On the economics of R&D and technological collaborations: insights and results from the Project COLLINE. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 12 (1). pp. 77-91. ISSN 1043-8599

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Research collaborations involve co-production and exchange of knowledge across organisational boundaries. They involve governance of intellectual property rights and partners' use of collectively produced knowledge. The principal findings arise from case studies of consortia governance in biotechnology and software and substantial variety in arrangements is identified. This variety may be explained by the appropriability of knowledge in particular research domains as well as by the nature of the knowledge generated. Consequences of governance rules are explored for European research consortia and for collective standards making activities. The analysis indicates several policy conclusions: government policy has an important role in overcoming market failures in consortia formation; adoption of any uniform intellectual property rights model for consortia would be likely to reduce research productivity; policies aimed at stimulating consortia formation must take account of the nature of knowledge that is to be exchanged.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The evident rise of `collective invention¿ among firm or in government-industry relations would seem on conventional analysis to threaten appropriability of the benefits. The EU project on which this paper is based sought to clarify the empirical nature of R&D collaborations as a step to policy formulation. The heterogeneity of types necessitates a variety of policy responses, including IPRs. In this joint work, Prof Steinmueller summarised the contribution of the major element of the programme of research and generalised from this to theory.
Schools and Departments: University of Sussex Business School > SPRU - Science Policy Research Unit
Depositing User: Ed Steinmueller
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 20:17
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2012 16:22
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/25251
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