Conclusions: Towards a model of (European) referendums

Taggart, Paul and Szczerbiak, Aleks (2004) Conclusions: Towards a model of (European) referendums. West European Politics, 27 (4). pp. 749-777. ISSN 0140-2382

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This conclusion evaluates the causal models set out in the introduction to this collection and considers whether, in the light of the 2003 accession referendums, they require modification. On the basis of this examination we argue that the results of EU accession referendums appear to demonstrate that the key factors determining the results are the consequences of: (a) underlying mass attitudes in combination with (b) cues provided by elites. The variance in the levels of turnout in the EU accession referendums appears to be predominantly the consequence of: (a) the general levels of electoral turnout specific to countries in combination with (b) the level of contestation of the European issue. Consideration is then given to the generalisability of the models to other referendums, on both European and non-European issues. Finally, we look ahead to whether these countries are likely to repeat the experience of direct democracy when determining their attitudes towards other European issues.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article summarised the findings of a collection of research articles and brought together the empirical findings with the model that had been developed. It was a bold attempt at synthesizing the empirical material on the referendums but also a strong contribution to the wider understanding of referendums.
Schools and Departments: School of Law, Politics and Sociology > Politics
Depositing User: Paul Taggart
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:53
Last Modified: 30 Oct 2015 12:10
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