Seckel syndrome exhibits cellular features demonstrating defects in the ATR signalling pathway

Alderton, Gemma K, Joenje, Hans, Varon, Raymonda, Børglum, Anders D, Jeggo, Penny A and O'Driscoll, Mark (2004) Seckel syndrome exhibits cellular features demonstrating defects in the ATR signalling pathway. Human Molecular Genetics, 13 (24). pp. 3127-3138. ISSN 0964-6906

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Abstract

To date, the only reported genetic defect identified in the developmental disorder, Seckel syndrome, is a mutation in ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related protein (ATR). Seckel syndrome is clinically and genetically heterogeneous and whether defects in ATR significantly contribute to Seckel syndrome is unclear. Firstly, we characterize ATR-Seckel cells for their response to DNA damage. ATR-Seckel cells display impaired phosphorylation of ATR-dependent substrates, impaired G2/M checkpoint arrest and elevated micronucleus (MN) formation following exposure to UV and agents that cause replication stalling. We describe a novel phenotype, designated nuclear fragmentation (NF), that occurs following replication arrest. Finally, we report that ATR-Seckel cells have an endogenously increased number of centrosomes in mitotic cells demonstrating a novel role for ATR in regulating centrosome stability. We exploit these phenotypes to examine cell lines derived from additional unrelated Seckel syndrome patients. We show that impaired phosphorylation of ATR-dependent substrates is a common but not invariant feature of Seckel syndrome cell lines. In contrast, all cell lines displayed defective G2/M arrest, increased levels of NF and MN formation following exposure to agents that cause replication stalling. All the Seckel syndrome cell lines examined showed increased endogenous centrosome numbers. Though ATR cDNA can complement the defects in ATR-Seckel cells, it failed to complement any of the additional cell lines. We conclude that Seckel syndrome represents a further damage response disorder that is uniquely associated with defects in the ATR-signalling pathway resulting in failed checkpoint arrest following exposure to replication fork stalling.

Item Type: Article
Schools and Departments: School of Life Sciences > Sussex Centre for Genome Damage and Stability
Depositing User: Penny Jeggo
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 19:39
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2019 12:43
URI: http://sro.sussex.ac.uk/id/eprint/21652
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